Reading Resources for FORA Tutors

Compiled by FORA Volunter Sophia Nelson from Reading Rockets

Active Read Alouds

This video discusses how to actively engage students during read alouds. It is important to seek the children’s participation by asking questions. Questions could include predictions, connections to real life, summarizing events in the story, their feelings about the story, etc. Discussions should be before, during, and after the story. Keeping high energy is also a good way to keep the students’ attention. The most relevant part of this video is from 0:00-1:50.

Tutoring 101

This video brings an introduction to tutoring and its fundamentals. It is important in tutoring to emphasize building up a child’s foundational skills rather than just giving homework help- this focuses on the root issues in a student’s educational struggles and allows them to grow academically. Learning should also always be a safe, positive space for the student. If it feels negative, they may associate those negative feelings with tutoring/learning in general. The most relevant parts of this video are 3:00-4:00 and 8:10-9:30.

Volunteer Tutoring Sessions

This video highlights some tutoring reading tips for early readers. It discusses the importance of rereading to build fluency and comprehension. The tutor also uses fun games to introduce different phonic sounds and has the student practice sounding out many words that have the same phonic sounds the student has learned. The most relevant parts of this video are 2:00-3:33.

Developing Fluency

This video discusses how to develop reading fluency by creating word webs. The tutor takes one word and has the student think of other words they know that relates to the given word. This helps students associate words with experience.

Helping Struggling Readers

This video discusses different tips to help struggling readers. Phonemic awareness is very important for fundamental reading, so it shows how to segment sounds and blend them together.

Conversation Builds Vocabulary

This video explains the importance of daily conversation with young children to develop their vocabulary. Simply talking with students about their day for the first few minutes of a tutoring session can greatly impact their fluency and vocabulary.

The Importance of Visual Input

This video discusses how both visual and kinesthetic input is important for young students learning to read. Watching the tutor’s mouth make certain sounds and trying to make those sounds themselves are beneficial ways for students to distinguish between different sounds.

Letters and Sounds

This video shows techniques for developing phonemic awareness. By leaving out a certain sound in a word (for example, saying “ice crea” instead of “ice cream”) and asking the students to fill in the missing sound, it helps them better identify certain sounds. The most relevant part of this video is 0:50-2:05.

Mastering Vowel Sounds and Reading Whole Words

This video focuses on teaching short vowel sounds by pairing active hand motions with each sound to help students remember them. It also discusses how to blend and manipulate sounds by having the students isolate each individual sound in a word and then read it together slowly. The most relevant parts of this video are 1:00-5:00 and 7:00-8:00.

Blending Sounds in Syllables

This video shows many examples of isolating different letter sounds and learning to blend them together after practice. The tutor reads a word and asks the student to repeat the first sound in the word. The first example of this starts at 2:00.

Reading Multisyllable Words

This video shows many examples of a method for students to read bigger, multi-syllable words. The tutor asks the students to break down multi-syllable words into each syllable and then read through the word slowly. A relevant example of this starts at 8:00.

Phonemic Segmentation

This video gives tips for segmenting words into their phonemes which can help students learn to distinguish between sounds.

Phonemic Substitution

This video discusses a method for teaching early readers that involves taking a word and substituting different letters to make it into another word (ex/ ‘sun’ turns to ‘bun’ if student substitutes ‘s’ for ‘b’).

Comprehension Instruction

This video describes methods for teaching comprehension to students. These methods include teaching the rules/structure of a story and how to make inferences. There is also an acronym that can be given to the students when talking about comprehension strategies. The acronym is PICTURE (p- predict, i- imagine the text, c- clarify each part of the story to make sure it makes sense, t- try by asking how and why questions to build inferences, u- use what you know and background knowledge to understand the story, r- review and summarize throughout the text, e- evaluate the text and compare to other texts). The most relevant part of this video is 2:10-5:07.

Tips for Reluctant Readers

This video gives tips for tutoring reluctant readers. They include allowing the students to pick out their own book that is presented in a pleasant, positive way.

Playful Reading

This video discusses creating a positive atmosphere for young students to associate with reading. The student will more likely have a fun time if the adult is also having a fun time, and these methods can include using different voices in the story, broad gestures, or involving the students in the story.


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